29 Million and Counting …

Across the pond in Messing and Shalford, Essex, England, we find two ancestors, Robert White (1561-1617) and Bridget Allgar White (1562-1623), with a unique claim on our ancestry.

Robert was born abt. 1561 in Messing, about 60 miles east of London. Bridget was baptized 11 Mar 1562 in Shalford, about 20 miles west of Messing. Robert and Bridget married on 24 Jun 1585 in Shalford, where they raised seven children. They apparently lived there until just before May 1617 when we find them living in Messing according to Robert’s will.

Robert was a yeoman, wealthy, but not a member of nobility. Oxford Dictionary defines yeoman as a “person qualified for certain duties and rights, such as to serve on juries and vote for the knight of the shire, by virtue of possessing free land of an annual value of 40 shillings.” [1] In his will, he leaves 40 shillings to each of “the poore people of Messinge”, “Mr. Richard Rogers preacher of gods word at Withersfield in Essex aforesaid; and to Bartholomew Scrivener Minister of the church of god in Messinge.” Rogers was a non-conformist, and Scrivener was a minister in the established church.

After Robert’s death, four of the children—John, Elizabeth, Mary, and Anna—immigrated to America early in the Puritan Great Migration with their spouses, and most or all of their children.

John White (1597-1684) departed England on the ship Lyon on 22 Jan 1632 with his wife Mary Levitt (1601-1666).

Elizabeth White (1591-1667) and her husband William Goodwin (1567-) accompanied John and Mary on the Lyon.

The Lyon arrived 16 Sep 1632 in Boston, Massachusetts Bay Colony, and they settled in Newtown, now Cambridge, Massachusetts. In 1636, they removed to Hartford, Connecticut Colony, led by the Reverend Thomas Hooker, along with about 100 other Puritans.

John White and William Goodwin are listed on Founders Monument, Ancient Burying Ground in Hartford, Connecticut.

Mary White (1590-1652) and her spouse Joseph Loomis (1590-1658) followed in 1638 on the ship Susan and Ellen. They arrived in Boston on 17 Jul 1638, and settled in Windsor, Connecticut Colony.

Anna White (1600-1648) and her spouse John Porter (1594-1648) followed, perhaps on the Susan and Ellen in 1638 as well. They also settled in Windsor.

These four families had many children—John and Mary, 7 children; William and Elizabeth, 1 child ; Joseph and Mary, 8 children; John and Anna, 13 children. It appears most of their children accompanied them to America or were born there.

So they arrived in America early, the first of them just 22 years after permanent settlement of Jamestown, Virginia, in 1610, and 12 years after the arrival of the Mayflower to Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1620.

Where is this leading?

According to Mormon Pioneer Genealogy Library projections, the largest family in America today is the posterity of Robert White (b. ca. 1560) and Bridget Allgar, with a Mormon posterity of 430,000 and an American posterity of 29 million. [2]

Now, one generation after this projection was made, the family is even larger—including one MKS.

Robert White (1561-1617) and Bridget Allgar White (1562-1623) are 12th great-grandparents of MKS in the Knight branch.

Robert White (1561-1617) and Bridget Allgar White (1562-1623) are 12th great-grandparents of MKS in the Watne branch.

Mary White (1590-1652) and Joseph Loomis (1590-1658) are 11th great-grandparents of MKS in the Knight branch.

John White (1597-1684) and Mary Levitt (1601-1666) are 11th great-grandparents of MKS in the Watne branch.

Anna White (1600-1648) and John Porter (1594-1648) are 11th great-grandparents of MKS in the Knight branch.

There are at least nine lines in our family tree up to Robert and Bridget, and FamousKin.com lists many famous cousins including:

  • William Williams, signer of the Declaration of Independence
  • Four U.S. Presidents—Millard Filmore 13, Ulysses S. Grant 18, Grover Cleveland 22 and 24, and Gerald Ford 38
  • Inventors key to the settlement of the American West—Samuel Colt, inventor of the Colt revolver, and Joseph Glidden, inventor of barbed wire
  • Aviation pioneers Wilbur and Orville Wright, and Amelia Earhart
  • Poet Emily Dickinson and artist Norman Rockwell

[1] Yeoman definition, Oxford Dictionary, 1972.
[2] Mormon Pioneer Genealogy Library Acquired by NEHGS, June 1985.

Register for User Accounts

This website requires registration for user accounts associated with two different areas of content:

Two separate accounts are necessary because these areas of the website use two different software applications (WordPress for the blog, and The Next Generation of Genealogy Sitebuilding for the family tree), and these applications unfortunately do not currently share login credentials. You are encouraged to register for these two accounts with the same user name and password to simplify things.

Important notes:

  • You can register for one, both, or neither of these accounts—it is up to you.
  • If you change the password of one user account, it will not change the password of the other account.

Photo Friday—Bertha Tonnesdatter Olson

Left to right: Bertha Marie Tonnesdatter Olson, unknown male.

Is the gentleman on the right Amund Olson, husband of Bertha?

Can anyone identify the make and model of the car? Bertha died in 1904, so that narrows the search dramatically to the Veteran era. This car on flickr appears to be similar.

Bertha Marie Tonnesdatter Olson (1837-1904) is 3rd great-grandmother of MKS in the Wetherbee branch.

[1] KMS Family Genealogy Digital Archive, Joyce Elaine Wetherbee Johnson collection (photograph).

Photo Friday—Thomas O’Kelley

Thomas Milton O’Kelley.

Milton Thomas Spratlin, grandfather of MKS, is named after Thomas Milton O’Kelley with his first and last names reversed.

Thomas Milton O’Kelley (1855-1920) is 3rd great-grandfather of MKS in the Spratlin branch.

[1] KMS Family Genealogy Digital Archive, Jacqueline Anne Knight Spratlin collection (photograph).

Lineage Confirmed—Alpheus James Adams

In the SKWW Family Tree and History newsletter, volume 4, we discussed our research into Alpheus James Adams’ lineage. At the time, family trees on Ancestry.com, of which there were about 20, showed two predominant theories:

(1) his father was William McIntosh Adams (1811-1881) of the Edward Adams (born Somerset, England, 1629-1716) family, or

(2) his grandfather was Reverend Ezra Adams (1788-1871) of the Robert Adams (born Hampshire, England, 1602-1682) family.

Alpheus James Adams and wife Ellen Jane Hannah Adams, picking oranges in California, abt. 1906. [1]

Our research of records from Manvers, Durham County, Ontario; Grey County, Ontario; and Cavalier County, North Dakota indicated that Alpheus is probably a member of the Rev. Ezra Adams family, but did not confirm this, nor determine his parents.

Subsequent genetic genealogy research has now confirmed this lineage.

DNA testing for a granddaughter of Alpheus has identified matches to 5 descendants of Rev. Ezra Adams or his ancestors:

Amount Shared
DNA (cM)
Match With Most Recent Common Ancestor
16.2 8C1R 8th GGP
John Rugg (1632-1696) & Hannah Prescott (1639-1697)
15.7 7C1R 7th GGP
Nathaniel Butterfield (1673-1748) & Sarah Fletcher (1679-1734)
19.2 5C 4th GGP
Eliphalet Adams (1756-1844) & Patience Rice (1753-1832)
4th GGP
Henry Proctor II (1770-1827) & Elizabeth Ames (1777-1809)
26.6 4C1R 3GGP
Rev. Ezra Adams (1788-1871) & Isa Proctor (1797-1832);
match is a descendant of Henry Proctor Adams (1822-1882)
23.2 4C 3GGP
Rev. Ezra Adams (1788-1871) & Isa Proctor (1797-1832);
match is a descendant of Henry Proctor Adams (1822-1882)

Centimorgans (cM) is a unit of measure for the length of DNA. Each of these matches has an above 50% likelihood it was inherited from a single recent common ancestor.

8C1R means 8th cousin 1x removed, 5C means 5th cousin, etc.

While a single DNA match at 50% likelihood could still not prove anything, 5 matches provides high confidence we have the correct family. Additional matches with lower likelihood have also been identified, all consistent with this conclusion.

Perhaps equally important, no matches have been identified to the Edward Adams family.

The first two matches listed are from Isa Proctor’s (Rev. Ezra Adam’s first wife) branch of the tree. So, we can further conclude that Alpheus is a descendant of Rev. Ezra Adams’ first marriage, not his second.

Work still remains—who are Alpheus’ father and mother? The historical record leans toward Rev. Ezra Adams’ son Henry Proctor Adams (1822-1882).

There are a significant number of DNA matches on Alpheus’ branch of the tree that can not be attributed to the Adams branch of the tree—these matches must be from his mother’s branch of the tree. So, this avenue of research is still open.

And with Alpheus’ immediate lineage half confirmed, we can research the Adams and Proctor branches of the tree without worry it will all be for naught. In an upcoming post, we’ll look at Alpheus’ ancestors immigrating from England to New England in the 1600’s, most as part of The Great Puritan Migration.

Alpheus James Adams (1845-1910) is 3rd great-grandfather of MKS in the Watne branch.

[1] KMS Family Genealogy Digital Archive, Hannah Elva Lucille Porter Watne collection, Hazel Porter’s photo album (photograph).
[2] Commemorative Biographical Record of the County of York, Ontario (Toronto: J. H. Beers & Co., 1907), p. 507 (drawing).

They Live Where? They Can’t Live Nowhere!

“Marco.” “Polo.”

Where (location, place, position) is obviously important in genealogy. It literally defines where we came from, where life events occurred, where we will die, and, most importantly, it determines where we look for family records—and, without records, genealogy is a fool’s errand.

But where can be confusing. Is Cavalier, North Dakota, in Cavalier County? No, it is in Pembina County. Hannah is in Cavalier County. And is it really a one hour drive from Macon, Georgia to Macon County, Georgia? Yes, it really is.

There are over 2,300 distinct places in our family tree today. And that is before we misspelled most of them, creating more places in the family tree than there are family members.

How does Google (or Bing, or Apple) know where to drop those pins? And does a place exist, or did it exist, if Google Maps does not say it does, or did?

Meet geocoding. Geocoding, according to the Google Developers website, “is the process of converting addresses (like a street address) into geographic coordinates (like latitude and longitude), which you can use to place markers on a map, or position the map. Reverse geocoding is the process of converting geographic coordinates into a human-readable address.”

Sounds easy enough.

Where is Manvers?

If we want to research the Hannah family from the Watne branch of the family tree, we have to spend a lot of time crawling through the 1851 Census for Manvers in Canada. Where in Canada is Manvers?

Well, that is a trick question, as Canada did not yet exist in 1851. Canada was formed in 1867. Manvers was a township in Durham County in Canada West (think Ontario) in the Province of Canada, a British colony. Detail matters when we are talking where.

Where is Manvers, according to Google Maps, typing in exactly the place name from the 1851 Census?

Well, Google Maps struck out the place name Manvers, and instead returns the Durham Regional Municipality (shown below) which is a regional municipality in Ontario. Sort of in the neighborhood, but the Manvers Township of 1851 was not even in this outlined region.

As of 1 Jan 2001, it is in Kawartha Lakes at the top-middle of the above map. So Google Maps does not know, or does not want us to know they know.

What if we instead ask Bing Maps , again typing in exactly the place description from the 1851 Census?

Well, Bing Maps knows! The description above is exactly the where we are looking for, and it even lists Manvers Township.

But Bing Maps only sort of knows, or only sort of wants us to know. Bing Maps then drops the pin at the wrong place! The pin is even further from Manvers Township than Google Maps said, or did not say. And the pin is not even in the middle of the original place Durham County, or the current place Durham Regional Municipality.


And that, by way of example, is geocoding—wonderful!

Lots of Elbow Grease

So, if we want to see our place pins at the right places on a map, we are going to have to resolve all the original place names that no longer exist, or that no longer exist with the same names, to the current place names. And we need to save the original place names for research purposes—the records we are researching usually list the place names of their time, or an even earlier time, not our time.

How do we resolve all the original place names to current place names?

There are two steps: (1) find the current place name for an original place name, and (2) change the original place name to the current place name everywhere it appears in the family tree.

What magic do we use for step 1? No magic, just lots of elbow grease. Lots of web and map searches to find the right place. Original place names can be littered with alternate spellings and typos; names of nearby geographical features; names of castles, manors, plantations, and hospitals; etc. Sometimes, we have to find the original record referenced by a later reference we are using to confirm or correct the place name.

For step 2, we have found the places functionality of Family Tree Maker (FTM) to be very powerful, enabling us to quickly change tens or hundreds of facts containing an original place name to the current place name, and to enter the original place name in the description field of each fact. It is not perfect, but it sure beats manually changing hundreds of facts for a single place name.

FTM displays the place names in a hierarchy, making it is easy to distinguish Macon, Bibb County, Georgia, from Macon County, Georgia. We can check our work in real-time on a map that is displayed next to the editing menu. FTM also lets us enter or change the coordinates for a place name, allowing us to keep original place names, like the Kingdom of Northumbria (a kingdom in northern England and southeastern Scotland, 654-954 A.D.), and drop the pin at the right place.

After we are done, and sync our family tree from FTM back to Ancestry, a fact that occurred in Manvers Township in 1852 will look something like this:

The current place name—Kawartha Lakes, Ontario, Canada— is entered in the fact location so the pin will be placed correctly on the map. And the original place name, or the part that has changed—Manvers Township, Durham County—is entered in the description field of the fact.

1852? But we are working on the 1851 Census. Well, the 1851 Census was performed in 1852. That is time, not place, and is the topic for another day.

“Why Can’t We Be Friends?”

But—there is always a But—there is still a problem, 3 problems actually:

1 world. 3 different maps. 3 different geocoding databases.

So, until Google and Bing (Microsoft) and the OpenStreetMap contributor community agree to agree, we still do not always get the pin to drop on the map at the same place for a given place name as we move the family tree between Ancestry, FTM, and this website (TNG).

“Life is a Journey, Not a Destination”

“I started on a journey just about a week ago
To the little town of Morrow in the state of Ohio
I never was a traveler and really did not know
That Morrow was the hardest place I’d ever try to go.”

From To Morrow, by Lew Sully, published 1898.

Which family members lived in Morrow Village, Salem Township, Warren County, Ohio, USA?

Yes, it is a real place. Well, no one that we know of, yet.

But if we can not travel to Morrow, we can travel to Nowhere.

These family members lived in Nowhere, Madison County, Georgia, USA, according to the 1880 US Census:

  • Benjamin Franklin O’Kelley, wife Elizabeth Miriam White, and family
  • Bennett W. Brown, wife Susan A. Swindle, and family
  • Pvt. George H. O’Kelley, wife Eliza Jane Ligon Pittman, and family
  • Thomas Milton O’Kelley, wife Elizabeth Marian Chandler

Prefer Your Tree on Paper from Trees?

Most of us still prefer paper over electrons, whether it is greeting cards (72%), being repaid in cash (67%), the option for paper bills and statements (64%), books (63%), airplane tickets (61%), and especially to-do lists—there is no sense of satisfaction in a to-do completed unless you can scratch it off your list not once, not twice, but three times with a Magnum Sharpie just for good measure.

So where is your paper family tree, you ask? Well, go ahead family, ask.

We can create a variety of family tree charts and even get them printed at MyCanvas by Alexanders, Ancestry Graphics & Printing, or several other services. Or we can generate a PDF, and you can cut down your own trees and take care of the rest.

And with a little more work on your part, ok a lot, we can add photographs of family members. How much room do you have?

Family Tree Reports for Fun or Tedium

In the Climb Our Family Tree section of this website, our family tree is stored in a database, MySQL if you must know. That endows The Next Generation of Genealogy Sitebuilding (TNG) software, integrated into this website, with superpowers—queries! Queries allow us to search the family tree for specific information that would be near impossible to find otherwise. TNG uses these queries to display reports.

We’ve provided quite a few pre-built reports at Climb Our Family Tree > Info > Reports. With these reports, you can quickly find all the immigrants, twins, or war veterans in the family tree, and much more.

Hint, hint … we have provided several reports that you can use if you are interested in taking on a project to research our family tree or correct obvious mistakes in its information. These reports are the ones whose names start with Help Correct … or Help Research ….

So what does a MySQL query look like? The Twins, Triplets, Etc. report runs this MySQL query:

SELECT c.familyID, p.personID, p.lastname, p.firstname, p.birthdate, p.birthplace, p.living, COUNT( c.familyID ) AS Number, p.gedcom
FROM tng_children AS c
INNER JOIN tng_people AS p ON p.personID = c.personID
INNER JOIN tng_children AS c2 ON c2.familyID = c.familyID
INNER JOIN tng_people AS p2 ON p2.personID = c2.personID
p2.birthdatetr = p.birthdatetr
OR p2.birthdatetr = DATE_ADD( p.birthdatetr, INTERVAL 1
OR p2.birthdatetr = DATE_SUB( p.birthdatetr, INTERVAL 1
AND YEAR( p.birthdatetr ) <>0
AND MONTH( p.birthdatetr ) <>0
AND DAYOFMONTH( p.birthdatetr ) <>0
GROUP BY c.familyID, p.personID, p.birthdatetr
HAVING COUNT( c2.familyID ) >=2
ORDER BY p.lastname, c.familyID, p.birthdatetr

That basically just says to list all the siblings in the tree that share the same birthday with one of their siblings, with some extra checking thrown in to ensure the birthdate is valid, and the list is then ordered by last name, then family ID, and then birthdate so the siblings are grouped together in the list.

We also have many other reports that are used by the family tree administrator to manage the family tree (e.g. finding typos and invalid characters in names, dates, and places; ensuring living family members are indeed listed as Living, ensuring recently deceased family members are listed as Private, and countless other tedious tasks). Consider yourself spared.

Many of these reports were generated by the TNG Community and can be found here.

If you have an idea for a report, let us know, and we’ll see if we can find or create the needed query.

George H. W. Bush Drops in on Dean Spratlin

Thanks to the sharp eye of Cynthia H., we have added a couple more Spratlins to the family tree—cousins Herbert Dean Spratlin and his father Frank Martin Spratlin.

Dean Spratlin (1919-2001) was spotted in the 1984 New York Times article Bush War Record Noted on ‘A Day of Nostalgia’ recalling the 2 Sep 1944 bombing mission of 20-year-old Navy Lieutenant Junior Grade George H. W. Bush, the future 41st President of the United States.

During that mission, the Grumman Avenger piloted by Bush was hit by Japanese anti-aircraft fire while approaching Chichi Jima in the Bonin Islands, Pacific Ocean, for a bombing run on an enemy radio facility. Bush completed the run, but the aircraft was too badly damaged to make it back to the USS San Jacinto aircraft carrier. Bush was able to safely parachute out, but two other aircrewmen, Radioman Second Class John Delaney, and gunner Lieutenant Junior Grade William White were killed.

Bush parachuted into the ocean off Chichi Jima where he was picked up four hours later by the submarine USS Finback. There, Bush met the Executive Officer of the USS Finback, Dean Spratlin. The USS Finback was on its tenth patrol of World War II, assigned to lifeguard duty in the Bonin Islands. During that patrol, she rescued five downed Naval aviators.

Bush being rescued by the submarine USS Finback, U.S. National Archives and Records Administration.

Bush spent thirty days aboard the USS Finback as it completed its patrol, and then returned to his unit on the USS San Jacinto. Bush’s 1999 book All the Best, George Bush: My Life in Letters and Other Writings contains this letter Bush wrote to Dean on 17 Nov 1944:

Bush’s mission and rescue are described in more detail in this Naval History and Heritage Command article Vice President Bush Calls World War II Experience “Sobering”.

Dean’s service on submarines during World War II included:

  • duty on the submarine USS S-28 (SS-133) in 1943. The USS S-28 was later lost at sea with all hands on 4 Jul 1944 during anti-submarine warfare training exercises off the coast of Oahu, Hawaii;
  • Executive Officer of the submarine USS Finback (SS-230) from 6 Mar 1944 to Sep 1944;
  • Captain of the submarine USS Plunger (SS-179) from 31 Oct 1944 to 1 Sep 1945.

Before the war, Dean attended the Georgia School of Technology, now the Georgia Institute of Technology, and received the M.E. degree in 1939. THWG!

After the war, Dean became a real estate developer in Atlanta, Georgia.

A little research found Dean’s father, Frank Martin Spratlin (1885-1961), and both were then tied to Frank’s father Dr. William Martin Spratlin (1854-1928), already in our family tree.

The Most Recent Common Ancestors are Pvt. James Spratling (1750-1812) and Winnefred Munday (1752-1834), 6th great-grandparents of MKS. That means …

LCDR Herbert Dean Spratlin (1919-2001) is 4th cousin 3x removed of MKS in the Spratlin branch.

And in the SKWW Family Tree and History newsletter, volume 7, we learned that …

President George H. W. Bush is 6th cousin 4x removed of MKS in the Knight branch.

“Removed” Cousins

Spend even a little time in the world of genealogy and you will encounter removed used to describe the relationship between two cousins; for example:

  • First Cousin Once Removed
  • Fourth Cousin 4 Times (4x) Removed

The degree of the cousin relationship (e.g. First Cousin, Fourth Cousin in the examples above) is determined by the cousin that is closest in relationship to (fewest generations below) the Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA) of the two cousins.

The removal of the cousin relationship (e.g. Once Removed, 4 Times Removed in the examples above) is the number of generations the two cousins are apart. So, for example, if the closest cousin is 3 generations below the MRCA, and the other cousin is 4 generations below the MRCA, then they are Second Cousins Once Removed:

Closest cousin is 3 generations below the MCRA → Second Cousins

4 generations – 3 generations = 1 generation apart → Once Removed

Below is a handy and well-formatted table of consanguinity from Graham Chamberlain:

Look up the relationship of the first person to the MCRA in row 0. Look up the relationship of the second person to the MCRA in column 0. The relationship of these two cousins is then found at the intersection of the column for the first person and the row for the second person. For example:

Great-grandson to MCRA → Row 0, Column 3

2nd great-granddaughter to MCRA → Column 0, Row 4

Intersection at Column 3, Row 4 → Second Cousin Once Removed

You can learn even more about cousins from Wikipedia.