Finding Alpheus Adams’ Mother : Part V

In Part V, we meet the family of John Strain, probable 2nd great-grandfather of Alpheus.

John Strain and his family emigrated from Ireland to Pennsylvania around 1750. That is 90 years before the Porters, Gallaghers, Hannahs, Virtues, and associated families (all the other families represented in the cluster diagrams) emigrated from Donegal, Ireland, to Ontario, Canada, in the 1840’s.

John had at least seven children including six sons (John Jr., David, William, Thomas, James, Samuel) and one daughter (Sarah).

Before 1762, John and his family removed from Pennsylvania. John’s son Samuel was born in 1762 in Augusta County, Virginia. We do not know if they settled there, or Samuel was born there while they journeyed south.

Before 1765, they settled in what is now Abbeville County, South Carolina. In 1765, the counties of Tryon and Mecklenburg, North Carolina, exercised some jurisdiction over this northern area of present-day South Carolina. In 1769, the area became part of Ninety-Six District, one of the seven original Judicial Districts of South Carolina.

The Strains resided in the Long Cane Settlement, which was near the Long Cane River and Little River. There they learned to love grits and say Y’all with a proper accent. It’s documented. Trust us.

The South
\ thə ‘sau’th\, noun

The place where …
1) Tea is sweet and accents are sweeter.
2) Summer starts in April.
3) Macaroni & Cheese is a vegetable.
4) Front porches are wide and words are long.
5) Pecan pie is a staple.
6) Y’all is the only proper noun.
7) Chicken is fried and biscuits come with gravy.
8) Everything is Darlin’.
9) Someone’s heart is always being blessed.

Unknown; displayed in the dining room of a member of the Spratlin family, in the South

[faint sound of author chuckling]

John passed away there in 1766, and is buried there.


The first major battle of the American Revolutionary War in the South was fought at a fort named Ninety Six in Ninety-Six District.

All six of John’s sons served in the war, but we don’t have all the details for each. Son James was killed in a battle at Thicketty Fort, South Carolina, in 1780, and son Thomas is said to have been killed in 1781.

Son William served as a lieutanant and captain in the Upper Ninety-Six District Regiment. Private James Watts served under him. Son Samuel Strain married Hannah Watts in 1782.


Ok, this is where things gets weird.

[sound of author chuckling louder]

Also serving in the Upper Ninety-Six District Regiment are Major Benjamin Tutt, who was Justice of the Peace in Ninety-Six District in 1776, and Ensign Gabriel Tutt.

In the Lower Ninety-Six District Regiment, we find more members of the Tutt family, and several members of the Martin and Key families.

Liberty flag, the standard of the South Carolina militia during the American Revolutionary War.

These families are living on the edge of South Carolina’s sparsely populated frontier, members of the families serving together for several years in two regiments of the South Carolina Patriot Militia. They must have known each other.

Tutt, Martin, Key; who are they?” you ask. You haven’t been reading our blog.

They are family.

They are members of our Knight branch. Major Benjamin Tutt is the 7th great-grandfather of MKS in the Knight branch. The Martins and Keys are in this branch as well.

Where is Ninety-Six District, South Carolina? Across the river from Georgia, where this author grew up.


At the end of the Revolutionary War, Ninety-Six District was on the western frontier of the United States. Large numbers of soldiers were awarded land grants, and headed farther west.

Son Samuel Strain and his family remained in South Carolina until the early 1800’s.

Before 1808, they removed to Highland County, Ohio. In 1833, Samuel applied for his Revolutionary War pension while residing in Ohio. He passed away on 29 Apr 1845, and is buried in Rocky Spring Cemetery in Highland County.

Samuel’s son Thomas McCartney Strain was born in Abbeville County, South Carolina. He also headed west with the family, but did not go immediately to Ohio.

We find Thomas McCartney Strain in:

  • Barren County, Kentucky, before 1810
  • North Carolina, before 1815
  • Fayette County, Ohio, before 1820
  • Highland County, Ohio, before 1823
  • Montgomery County, Indiana, about 1829
  • Boone County, Indiana, Feb 1860

The families of John Strain’s son David and daughter Sarah also removed west to Ohio and Indiana with their brother Samuel. John is also believed to have siblings who removed with him from Pennsylvania to South Carolina. And some of these families also then removed west to Ohio and Indiana at the same time as Samuel.

By 1844, we find too many Strains living in Ohio and Indiana to count.


From 1814 to 1871, Reverend Ezra Adams was a Methodist Episcopal circuit rider. In a prior post, we detailed his circuit assignments across Ontario, Canada.

In 1844, he is preacher in the Newmarket circuit, York County, Ontario, Canada West. Ezra’s son Henry Proctor Adams is living nearby, by today’s standards, in Halton County, Ontario.

It is 569 miles from Halton County, Ontario, to Montgomery County, Indiana. In 1844, it would have taken days or weeks to travel this distance. It would have involved boat travel across Lake Erie, or railway travel around Lake Erie.

We now know the Strain family, but we haven’t put the Adams and Strain families together in the same place at the same time. They are not even in the same country.

Will this mystery ever end?


Benjamin Tutt (1739–1790) and Maria Barbara Stalnaker (1743–1799) are 7th great-grandparents of MKS in the Knight branch.

John Strain (1730–1766) is probably 7th great-grandparent of MKS in the Watne branch.

Samuel Strain (1762–1845) and Hannah Watts (1762–1798) are probably 6th great-grandparents of MKS in the Watne branch.

Ezra Adams (1788) and Isa Proctor (1797–1832) are 5th great-grandparents of MKS in the Watne branch.

Henry Proctor Adams (1822–1882) is probably 4th great-grandfather of MKS in the Watne branch.

Alpheus Adams (1845-1910) is 3rd great-grandfather of MKS in the Watne branch.

Finding Alpheus Adams’ Mother : Part IV

In Part IV, we shift our focus to Alpheus’ maternal line.

In the prior post, we stated that Henry Proctor Adams is probably the father of Alpheus Adams. There is an off-chance that Henry is not his father, but then one of Henry’s brothers or sisters is Alpheus’ parent. If we need to, we will cross that bridge when we get there. For now, we’re looking for Alpheus’ mother.

So how do we find her? We have no documentary evidence for Alpheus prior to his marriage. We do have a range of possible birth years (1845–1847), but should acknowledge the possibility he was born a year or two earlier or later. We can try to find where Henry was during those years. But we still would not know Alpheus’ mother among all the people in those places.

Let’s find his mother’s family first, and then see if we can put anyone in the two families together in the same place at the same time. How do we do that?

By process of elimination. Can we find any DNA matches for Test A or Test B (first introduced in Part III) that we can not associate with our lines, which we know, except for the line above Andrew Porter. We are looking for distant cousins sharing an unknown Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA) that could be one of Alpheus’ maternal grandparents or great-grandparents. Much higher up the tree and this gets very hard, very fast. We’re working back to the mid-1700’s and beginning to run out of DNA to match with.

Directly below is a cluster diagram for Test A. These DNA matches share more than 30 cM of DNA with Test A, which should cover the range of relationships we are looking for without overwhelming us with more distant matches (sharing less DNA). We have been fairly successful determining the MRCA for most of these clusters. The MRCA for each cluster is labeled directly to its left or right. We did not label the tiny ones.

We have a large cluster of descendants of Alpheus Adams and his wife Ellen Jane Hannah in the upper portion of the diagram. Just below that we see a cluster for the Adams line above Henry Proctor Adams. Below that is the cluster that finally caught our attention.

Cluster diagram for Alpheus Adams granddaughter (Test A) in the Porter line.

Directly below is a clustering diagram for Test B.

There are a few more unknown clusters is this diagram, but the same potential cluster for Alpheus’ maternal line from the above diagram appears here as well.

Cluster diagram for Alpheus Adams granddaughter (Test B) in the Porter line.

You are thinking, why did this take so long? Well, we’re being kind. Test A has over 46,000 DNA matches, Test B has over 52,000. The above diagrams only show about 200 DNA matches, so you can find the cluster the very first time you look. Maybe the labels help a little also. We needed help.

We only recognized this cluster for what it is when we adopted a new clustering application called Shared Clustering. Using a process called Walking the Clusters Back, we were finally able to associate family lines with most of the clusters going back many generations. And Alpheus’ maternal cluster was left behind with no known family line.

Now that we’ve identified and labeled the cluster of interest, we add more and more of those almost 100,000 DNA matches. More DNA matches join this cluster. And with them, we find some lovely family trees, majestic redwoods, and we find a single family name in many of them—Strain.

Do we have enough DNA matches with the Strains to confirm the relationship, narrow down their trees, and find Alpheus’ mother? Let’s see what we have.

John Strain
Unknown Wife
> 3 <
Thomas Watts
Susannah Taylor
> 3 <
Johannes Swart
Elizabeth Nagel
> 1 <
Jacob Sphar
Catherine Smith
> 1 <
Samuel Strain
Hannah Watts
> 8 <
James Swart
Margaret Sphar
> 0 <
Thomas M. Strain
Phebe Swartz
> 10 <
Unknown Mother

One thing to keep in mind while reviewing the number of DNA matches is that Alpheus is probably the only child of Henry Proctor Adams and Alpheus’ mother. We are told she died when he was one year old; we will revisit this again later, but have seen no DNA evidence to the contrary.

Think of this as meaning we are having to go up the tree one additional generation to find shared DNA matches with the Strains, from 3rd cousins to 4th cousins, cutting the available shared DNA in half. Also, most families of this era had eight or so children. We are facing a significantly reduced pool of possible DNA matches in this case with only Alpheus connecting our tree and the Strain tree. The number of matches we did find, with known lineage, is compelling.

Without dragging you through all the details, and based solely on the DNA evidence, we have concluded:

  • John Strain is probably 2nd great-grandparent of Alpheus Adams on his maternal side.
  • Samuel Strain and Hannah Watts are probably his great-grandparents.
  • Thomas M. Strain and Phebe Swartz are likely his grandparents.

We think the levels of confidence assigned to each of these relationships, probably and likely, are appropriate. And yes, we are concluding this based only on the DNA matches. You are welcome to offer an alternative hypothesis, but you may want to wait for the documentary evidence before suggesting we bet on it.

So who are the Strains, where are they from, how did one of them meet Henry Proctor Adams, and which one? And why are we chuckling as we write Part V in our head?

We will discuss all of that, and wrap up this story in one or two more posts, if things go as planned.

One final note for Part IV. There are a significant number of AncestryDNA tests for descendants of Alpheus Adams, including for family that will read this. Some of them are also DNA matches with the Strains, and appear in the two diagrams above. We just don’t have direct access to their test kits to generate cluster diagrams for them. We can easily do that if they wish. Or we can help them get started using Shared Clustering. With it, we have now solved three long-standing brick walls in about one month.


John Strain (1730–1766) is probably 7th great-grandparent of MKS in the Watne branch.

Samuel Strain (1762–1845) and Hannah Watts (1762–1798) are probably 6th great-grandparents of MKS in the Watne branch.

Ezra Adams (1788) and Isa Proctor (1797–1832) are 5th great-grandparents of MKS in the Watne branch.

Henry Proctor Adams (1822–1882) is probably 4th great-grandfather of MKS in the Watne branch.

Alpheus Adams (1845-1910) is 3rd great-grandfather of MKS in the Watne branch.

Finding Alpheus Adams’ Mother : Part III

In Part III, we update our research for Alpheus’ paternal line.

From Part I, remember that in May 2017, we first identified Reverend Ezra Adams as the apparent (meaning presumptive) grandfather of Alpheus based on Census of Canada records and Alpheus’ obituary. And in Apr 2018, we confirmed that Alpheus is a member of the Rev. Ezra Adams line based on several DNA matches of Adams descendants with members of our Adams line.

Not a bad start for a beginning genealogist. But based on what we now know, the DNA evidence was thin (5 DNA matches, 2 of which were quite distant), and we should have said possibly. Likely would have been a stretch.

What have we learned in the past two years?

DNA research

10% of the US population has taken a genetic genealogy DNA test (as opposed to a medical-specific test), and the number continues to grow rapidly. While several members of one family may take a test, and no members of their nextdoor neighbors have, it is increasingly likely that a 2nd or 3rd cousin of the neighbors has. It is therefore increasingly likely that DNA tests exist for descendants of most of our ancestors back several generations. This varies greatly around the world based on one’s ethnicity, but should also be true for Canada.

To prove the paternal lineage of Alpheus, we need five things (at least):

  1. We have two DNA tests for descendants of Alpheus. Let’s call them Test A and Test B.
  2. We need DNA matches between Test A or Test B with distant cousins who are descendants of Alpheus’ Adams ancestors.
  3. We need the lineage for Test A or Test B (which we have) up to the Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA) shared with the DNA match.
  4. We need the MRCA lineage for the DNA match.
  5. The amount of DNA shared between Test A or Test B and the DNA match must be consistent with the relationship determined by the two lineages.

If the DNA match or someone else does not have their MRCA lineage and make it available to us, then we will have to build this line of their family tree for them.

Below is a table listing the number of DNA matches we have found (as of 2 Apr 2020) meeting the five criteria listed above. For each DNA match, we were able to establish their MRCA lineage; it is at least probably known.

The MRCA for these DNA matches are Alpheus’ Adams parent up to his 2nd great-grandparent).

Freegrace Adams
Anna Kent
> 4 <
Phinehas Rice
Lament Gilbert
> 1 <
Henry Proctor I
Sarah Butterfield
> 7 <
Samuel Ames
Sarah Ball
> 5 <
Eliphalet Adams
Patience Rice
> 6 <
Henry Proctor II
Elizabeth Ames
> 12 <
Ezra Adams
Isa Proctor
> 5 <
Henry P. Adams
3 Wives
> 7 <
Alpheus Adams

There are additional DNA matches through these MRCA, but their lineage is not known.

In two years, we have increased from 5 to 47 DNA matches with documented lineage. And we have at least one for each of Alpheus’ lines up through his 2nd great-grandparents.

We can now state, with a level of confidence this time, that Rev. Ezra Adams and Isa Proctor are certainly the grandparents of Alpheus Adams.

Do these DNA matches identify Alpheus’ Adams parent? No.

The 7 DNA matches we have associated with Henry Proctor Adams are descendants of Henry and his three known wives. We have not been able to find matches through descendants of these wives’ ancestors, so it does not appear any of the three wives are Alpheus’ mother.

Alternatively, the MRCA for these 7 DNA matches could be Ezra Adams and Isa Proctor, and Alpheus’ parent is one of Ezra’s nine other children. Of the ten children, only five, including Henry, were old enough at Alpheus’ birth to be his parent. It would be a lot of work to eliminate four of the five with DNA testing. And we have no reason to doubt Alpheus’ obituary identifying two half-brothers, both children of Henry Proctor Adams.

Documentary evidence

What about the documentary evidence of his birth and early life? His obituary says that he was born in Michigan, his mother died when he was a year old, and he was taken to Ontario to the home of an uncle. We do not know the origin for this information.

We have stalked each of the five children of Rev. Ezra Adams that could be Alpheus’ parent from his birth through his marriage, and in some cases further. We have searched records far and wide in the state of Michigan, and Ontario, Canada. We have also searched the records of several other places that we will discuss in future parts of this series. Thousands and thousands of records.

It is as if Alpheus was born on the morning of his marriage, already grown, age 22, and got married that afternoon. We have found no primary (eyewitness) documentary evidence that he existed prior to his marriage. We can only hypothesize that he was intentionally omitted from Census of Canada records or he was raised by someone other than an uncle in Ontario.

Let’s state that Henry Proctor Adams is probably the father of Alpheus Adams, and move on. Maybe what we learn about Alpheus’ maternal line will increase our confidence, or point to one of the other siblings.


Ezra Adams (1788) and Isa Proctor (1797–1832) are 5th great-grandparents of MKS in the Watne branch.

Henry Proctor Adams (1822–1882) is probably 4th great-grandfather of MKS in the Watne branch.

Alpheus Adams (1845-1910) is 3rd great-grandfather of MKS in the Watne branch.

Finding Alpheus Adams’ Mother : Part II

Part I introduced our search for Alpheus’ parents. In Part II, let’s review the few sources providing any leads to Alpheus’s birth and lineage.

From his obituary, we know that Alpheus passed early Sunday morning, 3 Apr 1910 at his Hillside Farm in Hannah, Cavalier County, North Dakota, of liver cancer, his health having declined over his last two or three years. From newspaper notices in Mar 1910 and Apr 1910, we know that he was confined to his bed for the last few weeks of his life.

Regarding his lineage, we are told:

He was born in the state of Michigan in December 1846. His mother died when he was but a year old, when he was taken into the home of an uncle at Owen Sound, Ontario, Canada. Here he grew up to young manhood and in 1867 was married to Ellen Jane, a daughter of the late Francis Hannah of this place.

Soon after this event the young couple settled near Manitowaning on Manitoulin Island [Ontario, Canada]. …

W. E. Adams of Hannah, and Geo. Adams of Crystal City, Man.[itoba] are half brothers of the deceased.

The funeral took place Monday afternoon. The service was conducted by Rev. Thos. Dyer, pastor of the M. E. church, who spoke words of comfort to these bereaved.

“Pioneer Departed, Alpheus Adams Passed to His Reward,” The Moon (Hannah, North Dakota), 8 Apr 1910, p. 1, col. 3.

We need to remember information contained in obituaries is usually provided by the family, often relating information they were told many years earlier. That information may or may not have been true when told, and the family’s memory may not be perfect.

The earliest sources we have for Alpheus are two records for his marriage. From the Ontario, Canada, County Marriage Registers, 1858–1869, we know that he married Jane Hannah on 12 Dec 1867 in Derby Township, Grey County. Listed in this record are:

  • Alpheus Adams, age 22, born in the United States
  • Jane Harnish [Hannah], age 20, born in Ireland
  • William Adams, father
  • Maria Adams, mother
  • Francis Harnish [Hannah], spouse’s father
  • Catherine Harnish [Hannah], spouse’s mother

A handwritten Matrimony Marriage License in the possession of a family member is more specific. They were married on that date in Owen Sound, Derby Township. John Brooks and Catherine Walker were witnesses. J. C. Tyler, Owen Sound, Methodist Minister, performed the ceremony.

We then have a variety of records, all issued after his marriage, and therefore dated more than 22 years after his birth. Some of these records list his year of birth, or age, and one lists his month and year of birth. As is usual in this era, the birthdate or implied year of birth from reported age is often not consistent between records. From these records, his birth year is between 1845 and 1847. The North Dakota Public Death Index, obviously recording his death in 1910, lists his birthdate as 15 Dec 1846.

No birth certificate. No census records for him prior to his marriage. That is it, not a lot to work with.

Let’s accomplish something today. Let’s dispense with his name. We have a single primary source, the 1881 Census of Canada, listing his name as James Adams.

The more than 30 other primary sources—including those for his marriage, US land patents, land patent maps, mortgages, his appointment as U. S. Postmaster of Hannah, newspaper articles mentioning him, his death, his obituary, and his probate—list him as Alpheus Adams.

Alpheus Adams land patent in Hannah, North Dakota; Section 33, SW1/4 (1890) and SE1/4 (1893).

In Part III, we will update our research for his paternal line.


Alpheus Adams (1845-1910) is 3rd great-grandfather of MKS in the Watne branch.

Finding Alpheus Adams’ Mother : Part I

When we started researching the Porter line of our family tree a little over four years ago, we encountered our first really big brickwall—the parents of Alpheus Adams, 3rd great-grandfather of MKS.

Alpheus Adams tablet, Hannah, North Dakota.

Back then, few researchers included parents for Alpheus in their on-line trees, those that did disagreed on his paternal line, and no one was willing to guess his maternal line. There were, and still are, few trees with sources attempting to prove his paternal line. Most trees we found clearly copied Alpheus’ paternal line from the same unsourced trees. [We did as well four years ago.]

There wasn’t even agreement as to his birth name—Alpheus Adams, James Adams, Alpheus James Adams, James Alpheus Adams.

In May 2017, we identified Reverend Ezra Adams as the apparent (meaning presumptive) grandfather of Alpheus based on members of this Adams family being in Grey County, Ontario, Canada, before Alpheus married Ellen Jane Hannah there in 1867, and the mention of two members of this family as Alpheus’ half-brothers in his obituary.

It was not until we began using genetic genealogy (DNA testing) that we were able to make any real progress. In Apr 2018, we confirmed that Alpheus is a member of the Rev. Ezra Adams line based on several DNA matches of Adams descendants with members of our Porter line.

Just to be clear, the parents of Alpheus Adams are not William McIntosh Adams and Hannah King, as shown in many on-line trees.

Today, of the approximately 100 family trees on Ancestry.com containing Alpheus, we can only confirm about 10 have his correct paternal line. And his maternal line remains a mystery.

Four years, that is a long time. Admittedly, our genealogy skills were poor when we started. Only recently have we removed the training wheels. Only this year have we begun to source our research and adopt a standard for expressing our level of confidence in the facts and events we add to our family tree and family history.

Please accept our apology Alpheus.

Over the next several posts, we will update our research and reveal our latest discoveries.

And maybe, just maybe, we will find Alpheus’ mother.


Alpheus Adams (1845-1910) is 3rd great-grandfather of MKS in the Watne branch.

Lucian Lamar Knight—State Historian Emeritus of Georgia

While climbing our family tree, we meet our ancestors and relatives in many varied ways. We met Lucian Lamar Knight on the cover of the book Georgia’s Roster of the Revolution (a list of the state’s soldiers of the American Revolution)—he is its author [1]. It took only minutes to confirm he is one of our Knights, but not through our Knight branch. It took a few days to understand the role he played and continues to play in Georgia’s history—in preserving it.

Lucian Lamar Knight, State Historian Emeritus of Georgia. [2]

Lucian was born in Atlanta, Georgia, in 1868. He earned the degree of A.B. at the University of Georgia, where he was class valedictorian, and the degree of A.M. at Princeton where he studied theology. He was on the editorial staff of the Atlanta Constitution (1892–1902), and was editor of the Atlanta Georgian (1908–1910). [2]

In 1913, Lucian was appointed compiler of state records for the state of Georgia. He found Georgia’s historical records were not being preserved—and some were literally being burned in the basement of the state capital as fuel. General Sherman’s army never did as much damage.

Lucian personally began a five year campaign to convince the Georgia General Assembly and the Governor to create the first Georgia Department of Archives.

I am not an alarmist, but I come to sound an alarm. If the perishing records of Georgia are to be saved from destruction, the most vital need of our state at this time is a Department of Archives …

Lucian Lamar Knight, 30 Jun 1917 [3]

Careful what you wish for! Lucian was appointed the first head of the department and served for six years until his retirement in 1925, when he was designated state historian emeritus for life.

The State Department of Archives and History was created by an act signed by Governor Hugh Dorsey in 1918. In 1931, oversight of the Georgia archives was transferred to the Secretary of State. In 2013, it was transferred again, to the University System of Georgia.

The Georgia Archives moved to its current home in Morrow, Georgia, in 2003. The Southeast Regional Branch of the National Archives opened next door in 2004.

Georgia Archives in Morrow, Georgia.

Lucian was not content to just create a place to preserve Georgia’s history. He was a prolific author, co-author, editor, and co-editor; his more than twenty works include:

  • Reminiscences of Famous Georgians (two volumes)
  • editor with Joel Chandler Harris (author of the Uncle Remus stories) of the Library of Southern Literature series
  • first publication of the Statistical Register of Georgia
  • Georgia’s Colonial Records (volumes 22-26)
  • Georgia’s Landmarks, Memorials, and Legends
  • A Standard History of Georgia and Georgians (six volumes)

Lucian’s biography appeared in Men of Mark in Georgia, …, Volume VI [2]. His obituary appeared on the front page of the Atlanta Constitution, and Evelyn Ward Gay wrote an account of his life [4].

Scholar, Historian, Orator, Poet, First State Historian of Georgia, Founder of the State’s Department of History, and Author of Many Important Works Relating to the History of the Commonwealth.

Here lies one who loved Georgia, every page of her history, and every foot of her soil.

Gravesite tablet of Lucian Lamar Knight, St. Simons Island, Georgia

Lucian Lamar Knight (1868–1933) is 5th cousin 5x removed of MKS in the Spratlin branch.

References:
[1] Lucian Lamar Knight, Georgia’s Roster of the Revolution, … (Atlanta: Index Printing Co., 1920).
[2] William J. Northen, editor, Men of Mark in Georgia, …, Volume VI (Atlanta: A. B. Caldwell, 1912), 182.
[3] Lucian Lamar Knight, Shall Our Records be Lost? Georgia’s Most Vital Need: A Department of Archives, Report of Lucian Lamar Knight, Compiler of State Records, to the Governor, June 30, 1917 (Atlanta: Byrd Printing Company, 1917).
[4] Evelyn Ward Gay, Lucian Lamar Knight: The Story of One Man’s Dream (New York: Vantage Press, 1967).

Photo Friday—Nancy Chandler

Nancy Frances Jolly Chandler.

Nancy Frances Jolly was born in South Carolina on 14 Apr 1811. On 20 Jan 1831, she was apparently living in Franklin County, Georgia, and married Dudley Jones Chandler, also of Franklin County.

By 1840, they removed to Pocataligo, Madison County, Georgia, where they resided for the remainder of their lives.

According to a newspaper article published in The Constitution marking Dudley’s 90th birthday, they had sixteen children. [2]

Nancy and Dudley are interred at the McGinnis Cemetery in Madison County, Georgia.

T. J. Allen, the photographer of this portrait, arrived in Harmony Grove, now Commerce, Jackson County, Georgia, in about 1889, and was the principal photographer there for thirty years. [3]


Nancy Frances Jolly (1811–1887) is 5th great-grandmother of MKS in the Spratlin branch.

Dudley Jones Chandler (1809–1905) is 5th great-grandfather of MKS in the Spratlin branch.

References:
[1] Ancestry.com member Leita Cowart (photograph).
[2] “His Ninetieth Birthday,” The Constitution (Atlanta, Georgia), 13 Aug 1899, p. 4.
[3] History of Harmony Grove-Commerce, Chapter 20, The USGenWeb Archives Project.

Twenty-Fourth Census of the United States

Stanley G. Wetherbee, 1910 United States Federal Census enumerator, Fairmount Township, Richland County, North Dakota.

Beginning today, households across the United States will receive U.S. Census Bureau mail detailing how to respond to the 2020 Census—the 24th Census of the United States.

To mark this important occasion, we jump back to 15 Apr 1910—the beginning of the 13th Census of the United States. Our Stanley Wetherbee served as the enumerator for Fairmount Township (pop. 320), Fairmount Village (pop. 387), and LaMars Township (pop. 287), Richland County, North Dakota.

In 1910, enumerators were hired through the civil service system after a prolonged disagreement between Congress (favoring patronage positions) and President Theodore Roosevelt (favoring civil service positions).

Stanley visited households in Fairmount Township from 18 Apr to 25 Apr, Fairmount Village from 26 Apr to 3 May, and LaMars Township from 4 May to 7 May. He may have taken 24 Apr off. So he enumerated 994 persons over 19 days, about 52 persons per day.

Stanley appears to have made one mistake though. He seems to have forgotten to visit his own family. In 1910, Stanley was likely still living with his parents Homer and Florence Wetherbee, and his four younger brothers. We have looked high and low, far and wide—there is no Homer Wetherbee family in the 1910 US Census. So North Dakota’s population was not 577,056, but instead 577,063.

Under the 72-year rule, the National Archives and Records Administration will release the original 2020 US Census returns to the public in 2092. Until then, only statistical reports that do not identify individuals will be released. Genealogists will have to wait.


Stanley George Wetherbee (1890–1971) is 2nd great-uncle of MKS in the Wetherbee branch.

Photo Friday—Stella and Kate Hines

Stella and Kate Hines, from Hazel Porter’s photo album.

Stella Ludelia Hines and Mary Catherine (Kate) Hines are the daughters of David and Lydia Hines, and the granddaughters of George and Sarah Hinds.

This portrait is from the photo album of Hazel May Porter. The portrait was taken by Pioneer Studio of Blackduck, Minnesota, likely after 1902 as we will see. The handwritten notation on verso, presumably by Hazel, is:

Stella Hines
Aunt Kate Hines

Their brother David Wellington Hines married Catherine Barbara Adams, daughter of Alpheus James Adams and Ellen Jane Hannah.

About 1826, George, Sarah, and children emigrated from Suffolk, England, to East Gwillimbury, York County, Canada West. David and Lydia’s children were born in Simcoe County, Canada West. Canada West became Ontario, Canada, at Canadian Confederation on 1 Jul 1867.

Their family name is spelled Hindes or Hinds in English records. In Canada and the U.S., it is variously spelled Hindes, Hinds, or Hines, with Hines being more prevalent in later records.

Kate married her 1st cousin William M. Hines in 1890. William had earlier removed to the U.S. around 1883, and Kate did as well in 1889. They apparently were in North Dakota for some time, as their first child, Olive, was born there in Dec 1892. By 1900, William and Kate removed to Blackduck, Beltrami County, Minnesota.

Stella removed to Blackduck in 1902, and married Arthur B. Page in 1903.

While reviewing and updating our family tree for Stella and Kate, we ran across this second portrait on Ancestry.com. Stella and Kate clearly remembered their pose from the earlier portrait, but forgot their hats!

Stella and Kate Hines, from Ancestry.com member pamelaasmith.

Stella Ludelia Hines (1881-1964) is sister-in-law of 3rd great-aunt of MKS in the Watne branch.

Mary Catherine Hines (1866-1952) is sister-in-law of 3rd great-aunt of MKS in the Watne branch.

References:
[1] KMS Family Genealogy Digital Archive, Hannah Elva Lucille Porter Watne collection, Hazel Porter’s photo album (first photograph).
[2] Ancestry.com member pamelaasmith (second photograph).